The geography of Eastern Africa boasts impressive sights like Mount Kilimanjaro and Mount Kenya. Explore Eastern Africa in this section.

Geography of Mombasa

Mombasa Kenya, a city in eastern Africa 270 miles (435 km) southeast of Nairobi. It lies on Mombasa Island in an inlet of the Indian Ocean, and on the surrounding mainland.

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  • Addis Ababa

    Addis Ababa

    Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies high in the foothills of Mount Entoto in central Ethiopia, about 8,000 feet (2,440 m) above sea level. See more »

  • Asmara


    Asmara, Eritrea, the nation's capital and largest city. About 500,000 people live there. See more »

  • Ethiopia


    Ethiopia, or People's Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, a country in eastern Africa. See more »

  • Geography of Burundi

    Geography of Burundi

    Burundi, or Republic of Burundi, a small, landlocked nation in east-central Africa. See more »

  • Geography of Dar Es Salaam

    Geography of Dar Es Salaam

    Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, the nation's largest city. It is in eastern Tanzania on the Indian Ocean, south of the island of Zanzibar. See more »

  • Geography of Djibouti

    Geography of Djibouti

    Djibouti, a small country in northeastern Africa. The country is bounded by Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and the Gulf of Aden, including the Gulf of Tadjoura and the Bab el Mandeb, the entrance to the Red Sea. See more »

  • Geography of Eritrea

    Geography of Eritrea

    Eritrea, a country in northeastern Africa. It is bounded by Sudan, the Red Sea, Djibouti, and Ethiopia. See more »

  • Geography of Kampala

    Geography of Kampala

    Kampala, Uganda, the country's capital and largest city. It lies in eastern Africa near the Equator, some 3,900 feet (1,190 m) above sea level. See more »

  • Geography of Kenya

    Geography of Kenya

    Kenya, or Republic of Kenya, a country in East Africa. Until 1963 it was a British dependency, called Kenya Colony and Protectorate. See more »

  • Geography of Khartoum

    Geography of Khartoum

    Khartoum, Sudan, the national capital. It is at the junction of the Blue Nile and White Nile rivers, near the southern edge of the Sahara. See more »

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