AlgeriaAlgeria is the second largest country in Africa. Only Sudan is larger.

Algeria, or Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria, a country of North Africa. It is the second-largest country in Africa, smaller only than Sudan. Algeria stretches from the Mediterranean Sea deep into the Sahara. It has an area of 919,595 square miles (2,381,741 km2). Its maximum dimensions are about 1,200 miles (1,930 km) north-south and 1,100 miles (1,770 km) east-west.

Facts in brief about Algeria
Capital: Algiers.
Official language: Arabic.
Official name: Al-Jumhuriyah al-Jaz'iriyah ad Dimuqratiyah wa ash-Sha'biyah (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria).
Area: 919,595 mi2 (2,381,741 km2). Greatest distances—east-west, 1,500 mi (2,400 km); north-south, 1,300 mi (2,100 km). Coastline—750 mi (1,200 km).
Elevation: Highest elevation—Mount Tahat, 9,573 ft (2,918 m) above sea level. Lowest elevation—Chott Melrhir, 102 ft (31 m) below sea level.
Population: Current estimate—34,355,000; population density, 37 per mi2 (14 per km2); distribution, 60 percent rural, 40 percent urban. 1998 census—29,100,867.
Chief products: Agriculture—barley, citrus fruits, cork, dates, grapes, meat, milk, olives, potatoes, wheat. Manufacturing—machinery, processed foods, textiles, transportation equipment. Mining—antimony, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, mercury, natural gas, petroleum, phosphates, salt, tungsten.
National anthem: "Kassaman" ("We Pledge").
Flag:
Symbols: Algeria's flag and coat of arms display a star and crescent, symbols of Islam, partly against a background of green, a traditional Islamic color. The flag was officially adopted in 1962, when Algeria gained its independence from France. The Arabic letter jim, which appears twice at the top of the coat of arms is an abbreviation for the Arabic form of Republic of Algeria.
Money: Basic unit—Algerian dinar. One hundred centimes equal one dinar.