Bloemfontein, South Africa, the capital of Free State. It is sometimes called the nation's judicial capital because it is the seat of the Supreme Court. The city lies on the Highveld, a grassy upland, at an elevation of about 4,600 feet (1,400 m). It is 230 miles (370 km) southwest of Johannesburg.

Bloemfontein has light manufacturing industries and is a regional distribution center for industrial and agricultural products. The University of the Orange Free State is here. The city was founded in 1846 and made the capital in 1854.

Population: 645,401.