Brazzaville, Congo, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies on the north bank of the Congo River, opposite Kinshasa, Zaire. Brazzaville is the Congo's chief commercial and industrial center and a major river port. Its products include processed foods, beverages, textiles, and leather goods. The city has an international airport and is linked by rail with the Atlantic coast. The Congo's only university is here.
Brazzaville was founded in 1880 by the French explorer Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza. It was the capital of French Equatorial Africa from 1910 until 1958 and became capital of the Congo upon independence in 1960. It has seen only limited development since and was the site of considerable fighting during a civil uprising in the late 1990's.