Congo (Kinshasa), a country in central Africa. Prior to independence in 1960, it was known as the Belgian Congo; from 1960 until 1971 it was the Democratic Republic of the Congo; from 1971 until 1997 it was known as Zaire. The current name was readopted in 1997. For the purposes of this article, the country is referred to simply as the "Congo".
|Facts in brief about Congo (Kinshasa)|
|Official language: French.|
|Area: 905,365 mi2 (2,344,885 km2). Greatest distances—north-south, about 1,300 mi (2,090 km); east-west, about 1,300 mi (2,090 km). Coastline—25 mi (40 km).|
|Elevation: Highest—Margherita Peak, 16,762 ft (5,109 m) above sea level. Lowest—sea level along the coast.|
|Population: Current estimate—64,827,000; density, 72 per mi2 (28 per km2); distribution, 68 percent rural, 32 percent urban.|
|Chief products: Agriculture and forestry—bananas, cassava, cocoa, coffee, cotton, corn, palm oil, peanuts, rice, rubber, tea, timber. Manufacturing--beer, cement, processed foods, soft drinks, steel, textiles, tires. Mining—cadmium, cobalt, coltan, copper, gold, industrial diamonds, manganese, petroleum, silver, tin, zinc.|
|Flag: The flag of Congo (Kinshasa) was adopted in 2006. A similar flag design was used from 1963 to 1971. The flag has a blue background with a large yellow, five-pointed star in the upper-left corner. A thick red stripe outlined with yellow runs from the bottom left to the top right of the flag.|
|National anthem: "Debout Congolaise!" ("Arise Congolese!")|
|National motto: Justice - Paix - Travail (Justice, Peace, Work)|
|Money: Basic unit—Congolese franc. One hundred centimes equal one franc.|
The Congo lies on the Equator and is bounded by Cabinda (part of Angola), the Republic of the Congo, the Central African Republic, Sudan, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Tanzania, Zambia, and Angola. It is landlocked except for a narrow frontage on the Atlantic Ocean between Cabinda and Angola, With an area of 905,568 square miles (2,345,409 km2 ), the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the third largest nation in Africa, after Sudan and Algeria. It is about one-fourth the size of the United States. Maximum dimensions, both north-south and east-west, are about 1,200 miles (1,900 km).