Harare, Zimbabwe, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies in the northeastern part of the country at an elevation of about 5,000 feet (1,500 m). Harare is Zimbabwe's main commercial, industrial, and transportation center, and is the seat of the University of Zimbabwe. Manufactured products include textiles, processed foods, motor vehicles, chemicals, and tobacco products. Railways connect Harare with Zimbabwe's neighboring countries. An international airport serves the city.
The city was founded in 1890 by a group organized by Cecil Rhodes, and was named Salisbury, for Lord Salisbury, then the British prime minister. In 1923 the city was made the capital of Southern Rhodesia; from 1953 until 1963 it was also the capital of the Federation of Rhodesia and Nyasaland. The city became the capital of Rhodesia when Southern Rhodesia adopted that name and declared itself independent in 1965. It remained the national capital when Rhodesia became Zimbabwe in 1980. The name Harare was adopted in 1982.