Kisangani, Democratic Republic of the Congo, the capital of Haut-Zaire Province. It lies at the head of navigation on the Congo River just below Stanley Falls, 1,085 miles (1,746 km) upstream from Kinshasa, the national capital. Kisangani is a transshipping point for river and land transport and a major marketing and distribution center for the northeastern part of the country. The city has some light industries, producing mainly consumer goods. An airport and a railway (to Ubundu above the falls) supplement river transportation.
Henry M. Stanley established a trading post called Kisangani here in 1883 for Leopold II of Belgium. With Belgian colonization of the area, it grew into a settlement called Stanleyville. The city was the stronghold of Patrice Lumumba during the country's independence movement in the 1950's and the civil disorders that followed independence in the early 1960's. The name was changed to Kisangani in 1966.