Nairobi, Kenya, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies near the Equator in the Kenya Highlands at an elevation of 5,450 feet (1,660 m). Because of the city's altitude, the climate is pleasantly moderate throughout the year.
Nairobi is the administrative and industrial center of the country. Manufacturing consists mainly of food processing and the making of consumer products. Tourism, based largely on safaris to Kenya's national parks, and conventions are important to the economy. Nairobi is served by an international airport. The University of Nairobi is the nation's leading educational institution. The National Museum houses a large collection of prehistoric human remains and artifacts.
Nairobi was founded in 1899 as a railway camp and in 1905 became the headquarters of Britain's East Africa protectorate, renamed Kenya Colony and Protectorate in 1920. The city was made the capital when Kenya gained independence in 1963.