Port Elizabeth, South Africa, a city in Eastern Cape Province. It is an important seaport, with extensive dock facilities, on Algoa Bay near the southern tip of Africa, midway between Cape Town and Durban. The city trades in and ships wool, hides, skins, mohair, and fruits. Manufactured here are iron and steel products, chemicals, processed foods, textiles, and lumber. There also are automobile assembly plants and oil storage facilities.
Port Elizabeth is built on the edge of a plateau. The main residential area is on high ground; industrial areas are on low land near the coast. The British built Fort Frederick here in 1799, but British settlers did not arrive until 1820. Port Elizabeth is part of theNelson Mandela Bay metropolitan municipality .