Tanzania, or United Republic of Tanzania, a country in East Africa. It consists of the former British territories of Tanganyika and Zanzibar, which united in 1964. Tanzania lies just south of the Equator on the Indian Ocean. The country's greatest dimensions are slightly more than 700 miles (1,100 km) both north-south and east-west. Its area is 364,900 square miles (945,087 km2).

Facts in brief about Tanzania
Capital: Dodoma.
Official languages: English and Swahili (also called Kiswahili).
Area: 364,900 mi2 (945,087 km2).
Population: Current estimate—40,675,000; density, 111 per mi2 (43 per km2); distribution, 68 percent rural, 32 percent urban. 2002 census—34,569,232.
Chief products: Agriculture—bananas, beef, cashews, cassava, cloves, coconuts, coffee, corn, cotton, milk, millet, rice, sisal, sorghum, sugar cane, tea, tobacco, wheat. Manufacturing—fertilizer, food products, textiles.
National anthem: "Mungu ibariki Afrika" ("God Bless Africa").
Flag and coat of arms: Tanzania's flag, adopted in 1964, has a green triangle in the upper-left corner that represents agriculture and a blue triangle in the bottom-right corner that represents the Indian Ocean. A black stripe that represents the nation's people runs diagonally through the middle of the flag. Two gold stripes, that represent mineral resources, border the black stripe. The coat of arms, adopted in 1964, has a flaming torch that represents freedom and knowledge, and the ax and the hoe stand for agricultural development.
Money: Basic unit—Tanzanian shilling. One hundred cents equal one shilling.