Wilkes Land, the coastal region of Antarctica south of Australia. Wilkes Land extends along the Indian Ocean between Queen Mary Coast and George V Coast. The South Magnetic Pole is off its coast. Wilkes Land was discovered in 1840 by Charles Wilkes, a United States naval officer. Parts of it are claimed by Australia and France; Australia, France, and Russia have scientific bases there.
Arctic Regions, the area centering on the North Pole and including the Arctic Ocean, its outlying waters and islands, and the northern rims of North America, Europe, and Asia.
Antarctica, the ice-locked landmass around the South Pole. The name means "opposite the Bear" (the northern constellation), or "opposite the Arctic." It is the most remote and desolate of all the continents.