, or Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste, a country in Southeast Asia between the Savu and Timor Seas. East Timor occupies the eastern half of the island of Timor, a small region in the northwest area of the island, and the islands of Pulau Atauro and Pulau Jaco. The rest of the island belongs to Indonesia. The area of East Timor is 5,743 square miles (14,874 km 2 ).
East Timor is largely mountainous, with some peaks reaching elevations of more than 9,500 feet (2,900 m). The climate is tropical.
East Timor is among the poorest countries in the world. Businesses, housing, public utilities, and government and financial institutions in East Timor were heavily damaged during many years of armed conflict. Farming and fishing support most of the country's inhabitants. Coffee, rice and corn are the chief crops. The country's mineral resources include petroleum and natural gas, but its mining industry is underdeveloped. Dili is the capital and the chief city and port.
In 2002, East Timor's population was estimated to be 952,618. The official languages are Tetum, an indigenous language, and Portuguese. Many other indigenous languages and English are also spoken. Most of East Timor's inhabitants are Timorese—a people of mixed Malayan and Papuan ancestry.
East Timor gained independence from Indonesia in 2002. For the history of East Timor before 2002, Timor.
After East Timor's independence was recognized, the country relied heavily on foreign assistance in rebuilding the country.East Timor lies between the Savu and Timor seas in the Indonesian archipelago.