Allahabad, India, a city in Uttar Pradesh state, in north-central India. It lies at the junction of the Ganges and Yamuna, two rivers sacred to the Hindus. Each year thousands of pilgrims flock to this holy city. Even greater numbers attend Kumbh Mela, a festival in Allahabad that occurs once every 12 years. Allahabad is a trade and transportation center. A variety of consumer goods are manufactured here. The University of Allahabad and several smaller colleges are here.
Allahabad, the ancient Hindu city of Prayag, came under Muslim rule in 1194. Late in the 16th century Akbar brought the city under Mogul rule. The city was ceded to the British in 1801.