Dhaka, or Dacca, both, Bangladesh, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies in central Bangladesh on the Burhi Ganga River. Dhaka is the country's administrative, economic, and cultural center. Industries include jute weaving, cotton weaving, and food processing, especially the milling of rice. The nearby city of Narayanganj serves as Dhaka's port. There is an international airport. The University of Dhaka was founded in 1921. The city is known for its many mosques, some of which are hundreds of years old. The Bangladesh National Museum is in Dhaka.
Dhaka dates from about 1000 A.D. It flourished as the capital of Bengal under the Moguls, 1608–1704. Dhaka came under British rule in the late 18th century. It became the provincial capital of East Pakistan, upon the creation of Pakistan in 1947, and later the seat of Pakistan's national assembly. It became the capital of Bangladesh in 1971, when that country won independence from Pakistan.