Dushanbe, Tajikistan, the nation's capital and largest city. It lies in the southern part of Central Asia, about 95 miles (153 km) north of the Afghanistan border. Dushanbe is Tajikistan's principal industrial center, producing mainly cotton and silk textiles and processed foods. Located here are the Tajik State University and the Tajik Academy of Sciences.
Dushanbe was a small village until 1924, when it became the capital of the Tajik Autonomous Republic, a part of the Soviet Union. It was renamed Stalinabad in 1929, the year the republic became a union republic of the Soviet Union. Rapid expansion occurred with the development of the textile industry after World War II. The original name was restored in 1961. In 1991, after the collapse of the Soviet Union, Dushanbe became the capital of an independent Tajikistan.