Hyderabad, India, the capital of Andhra Pradesh state. It is in south-central India on the Deccan Plateau, about 1,700 feet (520 m) above sea level. Hyderabad is a major trade center, a railway and highway junction, and a manufacturing city producing a wide variety of goods, including textiles, glass items, and paper products. Andhra Pradesh State Museum and Osmania University are here. Hyderabad has a number of elaborate palaces and mosques.
Hyderabad was founded in 1589. It was captured by the Mogul emperor Aurangzeb in 1687 and became the capital of the newly independent princely state of Hyderabad in 1724. The city's ruler, the Nizam of Hyderabad, was one of the wealthiest persons in the world. Hyderabad did not come under the control of India until 1948. Hyderabad state was partitioned in 1956 and the city of Hyderabad became capital of Andhra Pradesh state.