Kazakhstan,, a country in Central Asia that was once a part of the Soviet Union. It is bounded on the west and north by Russia; on the east by the Chinese province of Xinjiang; and on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.

Facts in brief about Kazakhstan
Capital: Astana.
Official language: Kazakh.
Area: 1,052,090 mi2 (2,724,900 km2). Greatest distances—north-south, 1,000 mi (1,600 km); east-west, 1,800 mi (2,900 km).
Elevation:Highest—Mount Tengri, 20,991 ft (6,398 m) above sea level. Lowest—Karagiye Depression, 433 ft (132 m) below sea level.
Population:Current estimate—15,367,000; density, 15 per mi2 (6 per km2); distribution, 57 percent urban, 43 percent rural. 1999 census—14,953,126.
Chief products:Agriculture—grain, meat, wool. Manufacturing—chemicals, food products, heavy machinery. Mining—coal, copper, lead, natural gas, petroleum.
Flag: Kazakhstan's flag has a yellow sun and eagle centered on a blue background. A vertical yellow stripe of national ornamentation is to the left.
Money:Basic unit—tenge.