Kunming, China, the capital of Yunnan province. It is in southern China on the Yunnan Plateau near Dian Chi lake; also nearby are the Vietnamese, Laotian, and Burmese borders. Mountains virtually encircle the city, which has an elevation of roughly 6,200 feet (1,890 m). The climate is subtropical. Kunming is an industrial city and an important rail, air, and road transportation center. Yunnan University is the chief educational institution.

Kunming dates to the second century B.C. or earlier. It remained a relatively small, isolated provincial center and capital until the 1930's. The Japanese invasion of China caused many people to flee eastern China and settle in Kunming. It was the eastern terminus of the Burma Road, a major military supply route, during World War II.

Population: 1,701,000.