Philippines, or Republic of the Philippines, a country in the Pacific Ocean off the southeast coast of Asia. The country includes several small island groups but consists mainly of the Philippine Islands, one of the largest chains in the Malay Archipelago. Nearest neighbors are Taiwan and China, to the north, and Malaysia and Indonesia, to the south.

Surrounding waters include the Pacific Ocean and Philippine Sea on the east, the Sulu and Celebes seas on the south, and the South China Sea on the west. Separating the islands are numerous straits, bays, gulfs, and seas. Among them are the Sibuyan, Visayan, and Bohol seas.