Qingdao, also Tsingtao, China, a city and major naval and commercial seaport in Shandong province. It is on Jiaozhou bay, an inlet of the Yellow Sea, about 340 miles (547 km) southeast of Beijing. Qingdao's fine beaches make it a popular resort. The city is also a center of heavy industry. Manufactured goods include steel, machinery, and chemicals. Qingdao was only a fishing village when the Germans occupied it in 1898 and began building a modern city and port. The city was under German control until 1914, when it was occupied by the Japanese. Qingdao returned to Chinese control in 1922 but was again occupied by the Japanese during 1938-45.