Rangoon (Burmese: Yangon), Burma, the nation's capital and largest city. It is on the Rangoon River on the delta of the Irrawaddy River, about 25 miles (40 km) north of the Andaman Sea. Rangoon is Burma's main industrial and commercial city and its chief port. It is also the nation's leading center for rail, road, river, and air transportation. Institutions include the National Museum of Art and Archaeology and the University of Rangoon. Shwedagon Pagoda, an ancient Buddhist temple with a gold-covered stupa (tower) rising 368 feet (112 m), is the city's most notable landmark.
For many centuries Rangoon was only a village. In 1775 it was captured by Alaungpaya, founder of the last line of Burmese kings, and developed as a port. The city came under British control in 1852. Except during World War II, when Rangoon was occupied by the Japanese, the British remained in possession until granting Burma independence in 1948.