Taiwan, also Formosa , an island off the southeast coast of China and the seat of the Chinese Nationalist government (Republic of China). The island, some 100 miles (160 km) from the mainland, is bordered by the East China Sea, the Pacific Ocean, the South China Sea, and the Taiwan Strait. For many years after World War II, the government in Taiwan claimed to rule all of China, and the Peoples Republic of China on the mainland claimed to rule Taiwan as part of China. A dispute between Taiwan and mainland China, concerning the status of Taiwan's government, continued into the 21st century.

Facts in brief about Taiwan