Thailand, or Kingdom of Thailand (formerly Siam ), a country in southeastern Asia. It occupies large portions of the Indochinese and Malay peninsulas and borders Burma, Laos, Cambodia, and Malaysia. Thailand has two seacoasts, one on the Gulf of Thailand and the other on the Andaman Sea and Strait of Malacca. Greatest distances are about 1,000 miles (1,600 km) north-south and 500 miles (800 km) east-west. Thailand's total area is 198,456 square miles (514,000 km 2 ).

Facts in brief about Thailand
Capital: Bangkok.
Official language: Thai (Central dialect).
Official name: Pratet Thai.
Area: 198,115 mi2 (513,115 km2). Greatest distances—north-south, 1,100 mi (1,770 km); east-west, 480 mi (772 km). Coastline—1,625 mi (2,615 km).
Elevation: Highest—Inthanon Mountain, 8,514 ft (2,595 m). Lowest—sea level.
Population: Current estimate—65,591,000; density, 331 per mi2 (128 per km2); distribution, 68 percent rural, 32 percent urban. 2000 census—60,916,441.
Chief products: Agriculture—cassava, coconut, corn, oil palm, pineapples and other fruits, poultry, rice, rubber, soybeans, sugar cane. Manufacturing—automobiles, cement, electronic and electrical goods, food products, textiles. Fishing—anchovies, herring, mackerel, shrimp and other shellfish, tuna. Mining—barite, feldspar, gypsum, kaolin, lead, lignite, limestone, natural gas, precious stones, rock salt, tin, zinc.
Money: Basic unit—baht. One hundred satang equal one baht.