Tokyo, Japan, the nation's capital and largest city and one of the largest cities in the world. It lies on the east coast of the island of Honshu at the head of Tokyo Bay, some 50 miles (80 km) from the Pacific Ocean. Officially it is called Tokyo Metropolis and consists of 23 wards (the city proper), several counties, numerous satellite cities and towns, and rural areas. Tokyo is one of the 47 major administrative divisions of Japan.
Shanghai, China, the nation's largest city and principal seaport, and one of the most populous cities in the world.
Kazakhstan, a country in Central Asia that was once a part of the Soviet Union. It is bounded on the west and north by Russia; on the east by the Chinese province of Xinjiang; and on the south by Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan.