Tokyo, Japan, the nation's capital and largest city and one of the largest cities in the world. It lies on the east coast of the island of Honshu at the head of Tokyo Bay, some 50 miles (80 km) from the Pacific Ocean. Officially it is called Tokyo Metropolis and consists of 23 wards (the city proper), several counties, numerous satellite cities and towns, and rural areas. Tokyo is one of the 47 major administrative divisions of Japan.
Japan, officially Nippon, a country off the east coast of Asia. It consists of four large islands—Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku—and more than 3,300 smaller ones, including the Ryukyu chain.
Turkmenistan or Turkmenia, a country in Central Asia. It is bordered by the Caspian Sea, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Iran.