Everest, Mount, the highest mountain in the world. The peak is in the central Himalayas on the Nepal-China border. Its local names are Qomolangma (Chinese) and Sagarmatha (Nepalese). In 1954, the surveyor general of India set the height of Mount Everest at 29,028 feet (8,848 m). In 1999, a team of climbers and scientists used satellite-based technology to measure Everest's height at 29,035 feet (8,850 m).
The mountain is named after Sir George Everest, surveyor general of India in 1830–43, who calculated its height in 1841. It was affirmed as the world's highest peak in 1865.
Since its discovery, Everest has been an almost irresistible lure to the world's mountain climbers. In 1922, two men of a British expedition reached 27,300 feet (8,321 m). In 1924, two Englishmen reached 28,126 feet (8,573 m). In that same expedition, two other Englishmen were lost while attempting to reach the summit. The first aerial survey of the peak was made in 1933. In 1952, a Swiss group reached 28,215 feet (8,600 m).
The peak was finally conquered, from the south side, on May 29, 1953, by a British expedition headed by Col. John Hunt. Two men reached the top: Edmund P. Hillary, of New Zealand, and Tenzing Norgay, a Nepalese Sherpa guide. The first woman to reach the peak was Alison Hargreaves, of the United Kingdom, in 1995.