Fujiyama,or Mount Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan, 12,389 feet (3,776 m) above sea level. It is near the south-central coast of Honshu, Japan's main island, about 70 miles (110 km) west-southwest of Tokyo. A volcano inactive since 1707, it is cone-shaped and has a crater about 1,650 feet (500 m) across and 720 feet (220 m) deep. Fujiyama measures 65 miles (105 km) around its base. The forested lower slopes extend to five lakes, called the Fuji Lakes, on the north, and to Suruga Bay on the south.
The symmetrical, snowcapped cone of Fujiyama is said to be the most picturesque in the world. Japanese religions have long considered the peak sacred. Fujiyama is the main feature of Fuji-Hakone-Iku National Park. When the snow recedes in summer, many vacationers and Buddhist pilgrims climb to the summit.