Calgary, Alberta, Canada, the province's largest city. It lies on the western edge of the Canadian prairie and is about 60 miles (100 km) east of the Rocky Mountains. The city is in the southeastern part of the province and is situated along the Bow River. Calgary's altitude is some 3,450 feet (1,052 m).
Calgary is one of Canada's leading commercial and industrial centers. The surrounding area is a rich livestock- and wheat-producing region. Also nearby are huge deposits of oil, natural gas, and coal.
Firms that provide services, such as financial services and business services, are Calgary's chief employers. Other important sources of jobs in the city are wholesale and retail trade, mining, and manufacturing. Products made in Calgary include processed foods, refined petroleum, fertilizers, and oil-well equipment. Many of Canada's oil and gas companies have headquarters here. The city is home of the Alberta Stock Exchange.
Calgary is served by two major highways—the Trans-Canadian, running east-west; and Highway 2, running north-south. The city is also served by the Canadian Pacific Railway. Calgary International Airport is about 8 miles (13 km) northeast of the downtown area.
Calgary's most recognizable landmark is Calgary Tower, a slender structure that rises 627 feet (191 m) above the city. It has an observation deck that provides a spectacular view of Calgary and the Rocky Mountains. Nearby is the Glenbow Museum, which has a variety of exhibits devoted to the history and culture of western Canada. Other museums include the Calgary Science Center and the Naval Museum of Alberta.
On St. George's Island, in the Bow River, is the Calgary Zoo. Also on the island are a botanical garden and a natural history park, which displays life-size replicas of dinosaurs. Heritage Park, southwest of the city center near Glenmore Reservoir, has re-creations of settlements in Calgary during the 1860's, 1880's, and early 1900's.
The Calgary Stampede, a rodeo and agriculture fair, draws over one million spectators each July. Calgary offers a variety of outdoor recreation activities nearby, including camping, hiking, skiing, and canoeing. Especially popular is Banff National Park, 80 miles (130 km) west of the city.
The Saddledome is home to the Calgary Flames of the National Hockey League. The Stampeders of the Canadian Football League play at McMahon Stadium.
The EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts is home to the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra and two theater companies, Alberta Theatre Projects and Theatre Calgary. The chief institutions of higher learning are the University of Calgary and the Southern Alberta Institute of Technology. On the campus of the University of Calgary is the Nickle Arts Museum, which has a notable collection of ancient coins and has changing exhibits of contemporary art.