Hamilton, Ontario, a city in the southern part of the province, at the western end of Lake Ontario. It is 40 miles (64 km) southwest of Toronto and 60 miles (96 km) northwest of Buffalo, New York. It has one of the largest landlocked harbors on the Great Lakes and is one of Canada's largest ports in tonnage handled. A canal cuts through the sand bar that separates its harbor from the lake. The city has been called the “Pittsburgh of Canada,” as it produces much of Canada's iron and steel. Other products include electrical equipment, textiles, and transportation equipment.
There are more than 40 municipal parks. The Royal Botanical Gardens, which cover about three square miles (780 hectares), include the Rock Garden and Sunken Gardens. Museums include Dundurn Castle, a 36-room mansion built in 1832 and furnished with antiques; and the Art Gallery of Hamilton. McMaster University and Hamilton Institute of Technology are here. Hamilton was settled in 1778. In 2001, six neighboring municipalities became a part of Hamilton.