Nova Scotia, one of the Maritime Provinces of Canada. It consists of a mainland peninsula, Cape Breton Island, and numerous small islands. The peninsula is connected to the mainland province of New Brunswick by the Isthmus of Chignecto and separated from Cape Breton Island by the narrow Strait of Canso. Surrounding waters include the Atlantic Ocean proper and such arms as the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Northumberland Strait, and the Bay of Fundy.

The total area is 21,420 square miles (55,490 km2). Nova Scotia is Canada's second smallest province.

Nova Scotia'sNova Scotia's provincial bird is the osprey.
Nova Scotia in brief
General information
Entered the Dominion: July 1, 1867; one of the original four provinces.
Provincial abbreviation: NS (postal).
Provincial capital: Halifax, the capital of Nova Scotia since 1749. Annapolis Royal served as the region's capital from 1710 to 1749.
Provincial motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (One Defends and the Other Conquers).
Symbols of Nova Scotia
Provincial flag and coat of arms: Nova Scotia's provincial flag and coat of arms, adopted in their present form in 1929, bear a blue cross of St. Andrew on a white background and the arms of Scotland. The American Indian on the coat of arms represents Nova Scotia’s original inhabitants, and a royal unicorn symbolizes Scotland. Under their feet, Scottish thistle is entwined with the mayflower, Nova Scotia’s floral emblem.
Floral emblem: Mayflower.
Land and climate
Area: 21,423 mi2 (55,490 km2), including 1,023 mi2 (2,650 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--1,747 ft (532 m) above sea level in Cape Breton Highlands National Park. Lowest--sea level.
Coastline: 4,709 mi (7,579 km).
Record high temperature: 101 °F (38 °C) at Collegeville, near Antigonish, on Aug. 19, 1935.
Record low temperature: –42 °F (–41 °C) at Upper Stewiacke on Jan. 31, 1920.
Average July temperature: 64 °F (18 °C).
Average January temperature: 23 °F (–5 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 53 in (134 cm).
People
Population: 913,462 (2006 census).
Rank among the provinces: 7th.
Density: 43 persons per mi2 (16 per km2), provinces average 13 per mi2 (5 per km2).
Distribution: 55 percent urban, 45 percent rural.
Largest communities: Halifax (372,679); Cape Breton (102,250); Truro (11,765); Queens (11,177); Amherst (9,505); New Glasgow (9,455).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: chickens and eggs, hogs, milk.
Fishing industry: crab, haddock, lobster, scallops, shrimp, tuna.
Manufacturing: paper products, plastic and rubber products, processed foods, transportation equipment.
Mining: gypsum, natural gas, petroleum, salt.
Government
Provincial government
Premier: term of up to 5 years.
Members of the Legislative Assembly: 52; terms of up to 5 years.
Federal government
Members of the House of Commons: 10.
Members of the Senate: 9.
Sources of information
For information on tourism in Nova Scotia, write to: Nova Scotia Tourism, Culture, and Heritage, P.O. Box 456, Halifax, NS B3J 2R5. The Web site at http://www.novascotia.com also provides tourism information. For information on the economy of Nova Scotia, write to: Economic Development, P.O. Box 2311, Halifax, NS B3J 3C8. For information on the government and history of the province, write to: Public Inquiries, P. O. Box 2734, Halifax, NS B3J 3P7. A Web site maintained by the Nova Scotia government at http://www.gov.ns.ca provides a gateway to much useful information about the province's economy, government, and history.