Nova Scotia is in the Appalachian region of North America. Low mountain ranges cross the northern part of the peninsula and Cape Breton Island, reaching a maximum elevation of 1,745 feet (532 m) above sea level in Cape Breton Highlands National Park. Rolling uplands prevail elsewhere; there is little level land. Ancient glaciers scoured all of Nova Scotia during the last Ice Age, leaving widespread debris and numerous small lakes. Lake Rossignol is the largest freshwater lake; Bras d'Or Lake is a large tidal inlet of salty to brackish water. Rivers are short, and few are used for transportation or hydroelectric power. The east coast is rocky and indented by numerous bays and coves. Huge tides occur in the Bay of Fundy on the west coast.Nova Scotia's provincial flower is the mayflower.
The climate of Nova Scotia is marked by cool summers, cold winters, fairly heavy precipitation, and considerable cloudy weather. At Halifax temperatures average 65° F. (18° C.) in July and 26° F. (-3° C.) in January; annual precipitation is 52 inches (1,320 mm). The rainiest areas are along the east and north coasts. Snowfall is moderately heavy.
Forests, consisting mainly of pine, spruce, fir, hemlock, birch, and maple trees, are the chief type of vegetation in Nova Scotia, covering about four-fifths of the province. Most of the forests are of commercial quality.Nova Scotia's provincial tree is the red spruce.
|Interesting facts about Nova Scotia|
|The first airplane flight in Canada was made on Feb. 23, 1909, over Bras d'Or Lake near Baddeck Bay. J. A. D. McCurdy flew the Silver Dart, which was designed and built by the Aerial Experiment Association under Alexander Graham Bell. It flew 10 to 30 feet (3 to 9 meters) off the ground at a speed of 40 miles (65 kilometers) per hour for a distance of half a mile (0.8 kilometer). The flight was the first by a British subject in the British Empire.|
|The first regular mail service by steamship between Britain, Canada, and the United States was established by Sir Samuel Cunard of Halifax. The paddle steamer Britannia began the mail service by crossing from Liverpool to Halifax to Boston in 14 days 8 hours in July 1840.|
|The first newspaper in Canada was the Halifax Gazette. John Bushnell published the first issue on March 23, 1752.|