Saskatchewan, one of the Prairie Provinces of Canada. It is bordered by Alberta and Manitoba, the Northwest Territories, and the states of Montana and North Dakota. Its northeast corner meets the southwest corner of Nunavut. Saskatchewan has an area of 251,866 square miles (65 2,330 km 2). Nearly one-eighth of the province is covered by lakes and streams. Maximum dimensions are about 760 miles (1,220 km) north-south and 390 miles (630 km) east-west.

Saskatchewan'sSaskatchewan's provincial bird is the sharp-tailed grouse.
Saskatchewan in brief
General information
Entered the Dominion: with Alberta on Sept. 1, 1905, as the 8th and 9th provinces.
Provincial abbreviation: SK (postal).
Provincial capital: Regina, Saskatchewan's capital since it became a province in 1905. Regina served as capital of the North West Territories from 1883 to 1905.
Provincial motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (From Many Peoples Strength).
Symbols of Saskatchewan
Provincial flag and coat of arms: Saskatchewan's provincial flag, adopted in 1969, has two horizontal stripes of green and gold. The green stripe represents Saskatchewan's forests, and the gold stripe represents the province's wheat fields. The coat of arms is in the upper-left corner of the flag. The provincial floral emblem, the Western red lily or prairie lily is on the right. On the shield of the provincial coat of arms, authorized in 1906, the lion stands for the United Kingdom. The three golden sheaves represent Saskatchewan's fields of ripening grain.
Floral emblem: Western red lily or prairie lily.
Land and climate
Area: 251,866 mi2 (652,330 km2), including 31,158 mi2 (81,630 km2) of inland water.
Elevation: Highest--4,567 ft (1,392 m) above sea level in the Cypress Hills. Lowest--700 ft (213 m) above sea level at Lake Athabasca.
Record high temperature: 113 °F (45 °C) at Midale and Yellow Grass on July 5, 1937.
Record low temperature: –70 °F (–57 °C) at Prince Albert on Feb. 1, 1893.
Average July temperature: 64 °F (18 °C).
Average January temperature: 0 °F (–18 °C).
Average yearly precipitation: 16 in (40 cm).
People
Population: 968,157 (2006 census).
Rank among the provinces: 6th.
Density: 4 persons per mi2 (1.5 per km2), provinces average 13 per mi2 (5 per km2).
Distribution: 65 percent urban, 35 percent rural.
Largest cities and towns: Saskatoon (202,340); Regina (179,246); Prince Albert (34,138); Moose Jaw (32,132); Yorkton (15,038); Swift Current (14,946).
Economy
Chief products
Agriculture: barley, beef cattle, canola, hogs, wheat.
Manufacturing: chemicals, electrical equipment, machinery, processed foods and beverages, wood products.
Mining: natural gas, petroleum, potash, uranium.
Government
Provincial government
Premier: term of up to 5 years.
Members of the Legislative Assembly: 58; terms of up to 5 years.
Federal government
Members of the House of Commons: 14.
Senators: 6.
Sources of information
For information on tourism in Saskatchewan, write to: Tourism Saskatchewan, 1922 Park Street, Regina SK S4N 7M4. Tourism Saskatchewan's Web site at http://www.sasktourism.com also has useful information. For information on the province's economy, write to: Saskatchewan Bureau of Statistics, Fifth Floor, 2350 Albert Street, Regina, SK S4P 4A6. The bureau's Web site at http://www.stats.gov.sk.ca is also helpful. Information on the provincial government of Saskatchewan can be obtained by writing to: Office of the Clerk of the Legislative Assembly, Room 239, Legislative Building, 2405 Legislative Drive, Regina, SK S4S 0B3. For information on the province's history, write to: Saskatchewan Archives Board, University of Regina, Regina, SK S4S 0A2.