Nassau, Bahamas, the national capital and largest city. It is on New Providence Island, 180 miles (290 km) east-southeast of Miami. The economy is based heavily on tourism, but international banking and finance and the production of rum, foods, pharmaceuticals, and handicrafts are also important. The city is the Bahamas' main port.
Nassau was settled by the British in the early 17th century. Throughout its early history it was harassed by pirates and by French and Spanish adventurers. It was held briefly by American forces in 1776, during the Revolutionary War.
Population: greater Nassau, which includes all of New Providence Island, 171,542.