The geography of Central America varies from white sand beaches to lush mountain interiors. Explore the diverse geography of Central America in this section.
  • Belize
  • Costa Rica
  • El Salvador
  • Guatemala
  • Honduras
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama


Belize City, Belize, the nation's largest city and principal commercial, industrial, and transportation center.

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Geography of Guatemala

Guatemala, or Republic of Guatemala, an independent country of Central America. It borders Mexico, Belize, Honduras, and El Salvador and lies between the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of Honduras, an arm of the Caribbean Sea.

How the Panama Canal Works

In theory, it was a simple idea -- actually building the Panama Canal was another story. Nearly four centuries and 22,000 lost lives later, the canal was in business. Yet some fear that it may become obsolete in the 21st century.

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