El Salvador, or Republic of El Salvador, a country in Central America. It lies along the Pacific Ocean and borders Honduras and Guatemala. Nicaragua lies across the Gulf of Fonseca. Unlike other countries of Central America, El Salvador has no Caribbean coast. With an area of 8,124 square miles (21,041 km2), it is the smallest of the Central American nations. The greatest dimensions are about 160 miles (260 km) east-west and 70 miles (110 km) north-south.
Panama, or Panama City, Republic of Panama, a city and the capital of the republic.
In theory, it was a simple idea -- actually building the Panama Canal was another story. Nearly four centuries and 22,000 lost lives later, the canal was in business. Yet some fear that it may become obsolete in the 21st century.