Guatemala City (Spanish:Ciudad de Guatemala), Guatemala, the national capital. It is on a plateau nearly 5,000 feet (1,500 m) above sea level with volcanic mountains nearby. Small factories produce cigars, shoes, textiles, soap, furniture, cement, and beverages. The University of San Carlos is here. The national military academy, two museums, a cathedral, and a botanical garden are also in the city.
Guatemala City was founded in 1776 after the old capital (present-day Antigua) was destroyed by earthquakes. Guatemala City was severely damaged by earthquakes during 1917–18 and again in 1976.