Europe is made up of two major areas -- the European continent and Scandinavia to its north, with the Baltic Sea between them. Explore the geography of Europe in this section.
  • Northern Europe
  • Southern Europe
  • Physical Features


Lausanne, Switzerland, the capital of Vaud canton (state). It is situated on hills along Lake Geneva near the Alps.

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Geography of Iceland

Iceland, or Republic of Iceland, an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, usually considered the westernmost country of Europe.

Geography of Portugal

Portugal, officially Portuguese Republic, the most westerly country of continental Europe.

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