Antwerp, (French: Anvers, ; Dutch: Antwerpen), Belgium, a major European seaport and the capital of Antwerp Province. It lies on the Schelde River, about 40 miles (64 km) from the North Sea and 25 miles (40 km) north of Brussels.
Antwerp is one of Belgium's chief commercial and industrial centers. Despite its inland location, it is accessible to oceangoing vessels and has excellent harbor and port facilities. Inland waterways connect Antwerp with a highly industrialized hinterland in Belgium, northeastern France, and parts of the Dutch and German Rhineland. The city has shipyards, and its factories and mills produce automobiles, electrical goods, building materials, and a variety of chemical products, including refined petroleum, rubber, and fertilizers. Antwerp's diamond-cutting industry is one of the largest in the world and rivals that of Amsterdam.
Besides being a hub of water transportation, Antwerp is served by a large network of railways and highways. Deurne Airport, near downtown Antwerp, handles domestic and international flights.
Of the city's several churches, the Cathedral of Notre-Dame (built 1352-1584) is the most impressive; its 400-foot (122-m) bell tower dominates the port. The Royal Museum of Fine Arts has collections of works by Renaissance Dutch and Flemish painters including Peter Paul Rubens, Hans Memling, and Anthony Vandyke. Plantin-Moretus Museum, formerly the home and workshop of a 16th-century printer, has exhibits of antique printing and engraving equipment and family portraits by Rubens. Antwerp has many beautifully landscaped parks and gardens, including a zoological park.