Athens, Greece (modern Greek: Athinai,), the largest city and the nation's capital. It was one of the most powerful of the ancient Greek city-states, as well as a center of beauty and learning. Athens played a major role in shaping Western civilization. The city was named for Athena, its patron goddess.
Spain, officially Kingdom of Spain, a country in southwestern Europe. It occupies about four-fifths of the Iberian Peninsula and borders on Portugal, France, Andorra, and Gibraltar.
Portugal, officially Portuguese Republic, the most westerly country of continental Europe.