Athens, Greece (modern Greek: Athinai,), the largest city and the nation's capital. It was one of the most powerful of the ancient Greek city-states, as well as a center of beauty and learning. Athens played a major role in shaping Western civilization. The city was named for Athena, its patron goddess.
Italy, or the Italian Republic (Italian: Italia or Republica Italiana), a country in southern Europe.
Austria, or Republic of Austria, a nation in central Europe. Its name in German, Österreich, means “eastern realm” and refers to the old Ostmark—the eastern frontier of the Holy Roman Empire, part of which is now Austria.