Athens, Greece (modern Greek: Athinai,), the largest city and the nation's capital. It was one of the most powerful of the ancient Greek city-states, as well as a center of beauty and learning. Athens played a major role in shaping Western civilization. The city was named for Athena, its patron goddess.
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France, or the French Republic, a country of western Europe. It is adjoined on the north and west by the Atlantic Ocean, including such arms as the English Channel and the Bay of Biscay, and on the south by the Mediterranean Sea.
Portugal, officially Portuguese Republic, the most westerly country of continental Europe.