Augsburg, Germany, a city in Bavaria. It lies at the junction of the Lech and Wertach rivers, about 35 miles (56 km) northwest of Munich. Augsburg, a diversified industrial center, has textile, machinery, and paper manufacturing. Most notable of the city's many churches is the late-15th-century Gothic church of St. Ulrich and St. Afra. The Municipal Art Gallery has works by Swabian and Augsburg masters, including Holbein the Elder.
Augsburg was settled by the Romans about 15 B.C. It grew as a trade center in the early Middle Ages. During the 15th and 16th centuries, it was one of Europe's leading commercial and financial centers and headquarters for the banking house of Fugger. Several important events occurred here: the diet (assembly) of the Holy Roman Empire met here in 1530 to consider the statement of religious faith now called the Augsburg Confession ; the Peace of Augsburg was concluded here in 1555 ; and the League of Augsburg was formed in 1686