Austria, or Republic of Austria, a nation in central Europe. Its name in German, Österreich, means “eastern realm” and refers to the old Ostmark—the eastern frontier of the Holy Roman Empire, part of which is now Austria. Austria's area is 32,374 square miles (83,849 km2). Greatest dimensions are about 365 miles (590 km) east-west and 185 miles (300 km) north-south.

Facts in brief about Austria
Capital: Vienna.
Official language: German.
Official name: Republik Osterreich (Republic of Austria).
Area: 32,383 mi2 (83,871 km2). Greatest distances—east-west, 355 mi (571 km); north-south, 180 mi (290 km).
Elevation: Highest—Grossglockner, 12,457 ft (3,797 m) above sea level. Lowest—Neusiedler Lake, 377 ft (115 m) above sea level.
Population: Current estimate—8,221,000; density, 254 per mi2 (98 per km2); distribution, 66 percent urban, 34 percent rural. 2001 census—8,032,926.
Chief products: Agriculture—barley, cattle, corn, grapes, hogs, milk, oats, potatoes, rye, sugar beets, wheat. Manufacturing—cement, chemical products, electrical equipment, furniture, glass, iron and steel, lumber, machines and tools, motor vehicles, optical instruments, paper and pulp, processed foods and beverages, textiles and clothing. Mining—coal, copper, graphite, iron ore, lead, magnesite, natural gas, petroleum, salt, stone.
National anthem: "Land der Berge, Land am Strome" ("Land of Mountains, Land at the River").
Symbols: Austria's civil flag has stripes of red, white, and red. The state flag includes the coat of arms in the center. The coat of arms was adopted in its present form in 1945. The use of an eagle in the coat of arms to symbolize Austria dates from the 1100's.
Money: Basic unit—euro. One hundred cents equal one euro. The schilling was taken out of circulation in 2002.