Belarus, or Byelarus, Republic of, a country in eastern Europe. During 1922–91 it was a part of the Soviet Union. Belarus is bordered by Lithuania, Latvia, Russia, Ukraine, and Poland. The area is 80,155 square miles (207,600 km2). Belarus' greatest length, from east to west, is about 360 miles (580 km); its greatest width is about 320 miles (515 km).

Facts in brief about Belarus
Capital: Minsk.
Official languages: Belarusian and Russian.
Official name: Respublika Byelarus (Republic of Belarus).
Area: 80,155 mi2 (207,600 km2). Greatest distances—north-south, 340 mi (545 km); east-west, 385 mi (620 km).
Elevation: Highest—Dzerzhinskaya Gora, 1,135 ft (346 m) above sea level. Lowest—Neman River at northwestern border, 295 ft (90 m) above sea level.
Population: Current estimate—9,615,000; density, 120 per mi2 (46 per km2); distribution, 72 percent urban, 28 percent rural. 1999 census—10,045,237.
Chief products: Agriculture—barley, cattle, flax, hogs, potatoes, rye, sugar beets. Manufacturing—bicycles, clocks, computers, engineering equipment, furniture, metal-cutting tools, motorcycles, plywood and paper, potassium fertilizer, refrigerators, television sets, textiles, trucks and tractors.
Flag: The flag of Belarus has a wide red horizontal stripe above a narrower green stripe. A traditional embroidery pattern of red and white appears at the left.
Money: Basic unit—Belarusian ruble.