Brest, France, a city in Brittany on the Atlantic Ocean near the English Channel. Brest is a major naval base and has shipbuilding and ship-repairing facilities and naval schools. It is also a commercial port and has some manufacturing. The University of Western Brittany is here.
Brest is an ancient city that rose to prominence in the 17th century through port and fortification projects under Richelieu, Colbert, and Vauban. In World War I Brest was a major landing base for United States troops. The Germans seized the city early in World War II and used it primarily as a submarine base. Heavy bombing by the Allies destroyed nearly the entire city before its recapture in 1944.