Bristol, England, a city in the county of Avon. It is on the Avon River near the Severn estuary, about 100 miles (160 km) west of London. Bristol is the leading port and chief commercial and industrial center of southwestern England. Among its varied industrial activities are aircraft and engine construction, nuclear engineering, and the building and repairing of ships. Attractions include the City Museum and Art Gallery and the 14th-century Church of St. Mary Redcliffe. The University of Bristol was founded in 1909.
The city stands on the site of a settlement built by the Saxons about 1000 A.D. By the 12th century it was a major port. In 1497 John and Sebastian Cabot sailed from here on their first voyage to America. The Great Western, the first steamship to make regular transatlantic crossings, was launched here in 1838. Air raids heavily damaged Bristol in World War II.
Population (district): 380,612.