Catania, Italy, a major seaport and an important industrial center. The city is on the east coast of Sicily, at the foot of Mount Etna, and several times has suffered damage from eruptions of the volcano and from earthquakes. Chemicals and textiles are manufactured. There is a cathedral, founded in 1091, and a university, established in 1434. The Greeks founded Catania about 729 B.C.

Population: 341,455.