Copenhagen (Danish:Köbenhavn), Denmark, the largest city, chief port, and national capital. It is on the eastern coast of Zealand, the largest island of the Danish archipelago. The city is on low-lying ground facing the öresund, the narrow strait that separates Denmark and Sweden.
The climate in Copenhagen is tempered by the warming influences of the North Atlantic Current and the surrounding seas. Average temperatures range from 60° F. (16° C.) in July to 32° F. (0° C.) in January.
Copenhagen is a commercial, manufacturing, shipping, and tourist center. Its porcelain, silverware, furniture, and home furnishings are world-famous. Factories produce a diverse array of goods, including textiles, electrical equipment, machinery, chemicals, and drugs. Food processing is an important activity in and around Copenhagen.
Copenhagen's port handles nearly all of Denmark's shipping. Large shipyards and repair facilities are also here. The city is connected with continental Europe by railways and ferries. It is also served by many international airlines.
Most of Copenhagen's attractions are within a relatively small area. One of the city's chief landmarks is Tivoli Gardens, an entertainment center featuring theater, concerts, restaurants, carnival rides, and other amusement activities. Christiansborg Castle, built on the ruins of a medieval fortress, is the seat of the Danish parliament. Other attractions are the royal family's residence, Amalienborg, with its daily ceremonial changing of the guard; the Börsen (stock exchange), built in Danish Renaissance style with a distinctive spire; and the Round Tower, which offers an excellent view of the city from the top. On the waterfront overlooking the harbor is The Little Mermaid, a statue inspired by one of Hans Christian Andersen's stories. (For photo, .)
The University of Copenhagen was founded in 1497. There are also a number of specialized schools and colleges. Copenhagen has many notable museums, including the National Museum, dealing with history, art, and antiquities; the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, exhibiting sculpture and painting; the Danish Museum of Decorative Art; and the Royal Museum of Fine Arts.
Copenhagen is the home of the Royal Danish Ballet. Opera, ballet, and drama are performed at the Royal Theater; there are also several large concert halls. Nightclubs, many of which feature jazz music, are popular in Copenhagen.