Córdoba, or Cordova, Spain, the capital of the province of Córdoba. It is on the north bank of the Guadalquivir River, 73 miles (117 km) northeast of Seville. The city has a mild, relatively dry climate. It is the center of an agricultural region. The city was once famous for its fine leather—known as cordovan leather—but the main products today are textiles and silverware.

Córdoba became the first Roman settlement in Spain, in 152 B.C., and was called Patricia. In 572 Córdoba was occupied by the Visigoths. From 756 to 1031 it was the capital of Moorish Spain. Examples of Moorish architecture can still be seen in the city, the most notable being Córdoba Cathedral. It was originally a mosque and was converted into a Christian church in 1236.

Population: 300,229.