Coventry, England, a city on the Sherbourne River in West Midlands, 94 miles (151 km) northwest of London. The city has been a center of the motor and vehicle industries since 1869, when the first English bicycle was made here. England's first automobile was built in Coventry in 1896, and the city is known as "the Detroit of England" because of its automobile industry. Coventry also has aircraft plants, large iron foundries, brickyards, and electrical-appliance factories.
The city developed after Earl Leofric and his wife, Lady Godiva, established a monastery at the present site of Coventry in 1043. In the 13th century it was an important center of wool and cloth trading. During World Wars I and II, Coventry was a center of the armament, munitions, and aircraft industries. In 1940 Coventry suffered the longest and most severe series of German air raids of World War II. After the war a new cathedral was built amid the ruins of the historic Church of St. Michael (1433), destroyed in this raid.
Population (district): 300,855.