Derby, England, a city in Derbyshire on the River Derwent. It is in central England, about 110 miles (180 km) northwest of London. Primarily an industrial center, Derby produces transportation equipment, chemicals, machinery, and renowned china. Landmarks include the Cathedral of All Saints, built in the early 1500's and since remodeled and restored.
Settlement of Derby dates back probably to the 9th century A.D. It was first chartered in the mid-12th century as a market town. Derby began to prosper in the 1700's, when it began producing porcelain and spun silk.