Dubrovnik, Croatia, a city on the Dalmatian coast of the Adriatic Sea. It is a major tourist center; the chief attractions are the medieval walled section, called Old Town, and an annual music, drama, and dance festival.
Dubrovnik was founded by Romans in the seventh century a.d. and was later inhabited by Slavs. It became a strong merchant republic and remained virtually independent under successive Byzantine, Venetian, Hungarian, and Turkish rule. Napoleon I abolished the republic in 1808. Dubrovnik was made a part of Austria in 1815. In 1918 it was incorporated into what became Yugoslavia. During 1991–92, the city suffered severe damage as a result of the war that occurred when Croatia broke away from Yugoslavia.