Durham, England, a city in the northern part of the country. It is about 14 miles (23 km) south of Newcastle on the Wear River. Durham is in a coal mining district. It has coke ovens, and produces carpets, leather, machinery, and drugs. The University of Durham (opened in 1833) is on a hill in a castle that dates to 1072. Also on the hill is a cathedral renowned as a fine example of Norman architecture. It was begun in 1093 on the site of a shrine of Saint Cuthbert. His tomb and that of the Venerable Bede are in the cathedral. Two bridges across the Wear date to 1230 and 1390.
Population (district): 87,712.